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User tasks

A user task is used to model work that needs to be done by a human actor. When the process execution arrives at such a user task, a new job similar to a service task is created. The process instance stops at this point and waits until the job is completed.


Applications like Tasklist can be used by humans to complete these tasks. Alternatively, a job worker can subscribe to the job type io.camunda.zeebe:userTask to complete the job manually.

When the job is completed, the user task gets completed and the process instance continues.

User Task Forms#

User tasks support specifying a formKey attribute, using the zeebe:formDefinition extension element. The form key can be used to specify an identifier to associate a form to the user task. Tasklist supports embedded Camunda Forms, these can be embedded into the BPMN process XML as a zeebe:UserTaskForm extension element of the process element.

Variable mappings#

By default, all job variables are merged into the process instance. This behavior can be customized by defining an output mapping at the user task.

Input mappings can be used to transform the variables into a format that is accepted by the job worker.

Task headers#

A user task can define an arbitrary number of taskHeaders. They are static metadata that are handed to workers along with the job. The headers can be used as configuration parameters for the worker.

Additional resources#

XML Representation#

A user task with a user task form:

<bpmn:process id="controlProcess" name="Control Process" isExecutable="true">
<zeebe:userTaskForm id="userTaskForm_2g7iho6">
<!-- Task Form Content -->
<bpmn:userTask id="Activity_025dulo" name="Configure">
<zeebe:formDefinition formKey="camunda-forms:bpmn:userTaskForm_2g7iho6" />